Martin Kramer’s 2001 book Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America challenged the untenable dogmas that have dominated the field for twenty years. For his critique of Middle Eastern studies, see the following:
- Ivory Towers on Sand, the book, which may be downloaded in its entirety (pdf).
- Ivory Towers book launch, remarks made upon publication of the book, placing it in context.
- Arab Studes: My Critical Review, an address delivered at Georgetown University’s Center for Contemporary Arab Studies in 2005. asking what, if anything, has changed in the field since 9/11.